SASA! Gender Based Violence Project 

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Adaptation of *SASA! to mobilise communities to prevent Gender Based Violence in Myanmar, with a particular focus on humanitarian settings.

*SASA! is a community mobilisation programme developed by Raising Voices in Kampala, Uganda. It is designed for working toward a balance of power between women and men. 

Key Information

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Location

area in Kachin State:

Myitkyina Township

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Targeted people

1,034 direct people

Vulnerable women (461), men (426), youth (44), community mobilizers (20), leaders (97)

5,105  indirect people

Total camps population (2,302 people); host community members (423 people); religious groups; radio and media (1,530 people) 

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IDP/Villages

5 IDP (Internal Displaced Persons) Camps 

Janmai Kawng KBC Camp

Maliyang KBC Camp

Thithar Aye Muyin Camp

Tatkone KBC Camp

Tatkone COC Camp

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Duration

3 years

 

2017 - 2020

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Staff Team

6 full time project staff

5 Field Officers

1 Project Coordinator 

 

 

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Partenership

Trocaire supplies to CHAD, grants but also capacity building regarding Gender Based Violence and SASA! process 

 

 

Context

Global research on Gender Based Violence (GBV) shows how unequal power relations between men and women impact women’s experience of violence. However, beliefs that women are inferior to men, and that men have control over women, create environments where GBV is accepted and normalised. Despite the ethnic and cultural population diversity of Myanmar, the values and beliefs that prioritise men’s power over women are widespread and are often used to justify men’s dominance in political, socio-economic and cultural activities.

Research carried out in Myanmar has shown that the expectations placed on women as mothers and wives, care givers and homemakers, and the higher status granted to men’s voice in society, often end up hindering women’s involvement in politics or public life. These harmful stereotypes can also lead to discrimination and violence against women who do participate in political, business or other leadership activities.

An IMC Baseline assessment conducted in September 2015 in Kachin displaced persons found that over half of those surveyed believe that gender-based violence is a problem in their camps, with domestic violence identified as the leading type of GBV in camps. The baseline report recommends increasing knowledge and awareness of GBV, along with taking steps to improve safety in the camps.

The Oxfam Durable Peace Programme Baseline Report released in July 2016 shows that while there is an increased awareness and knowledge of GBV in IDP camps compared with non-IDP communities, there is still a high rate of GBV and a need for long term behaviour change within IDP camp settings. The project rationale for selecting IDP communities as target beneficiaries is to build on and leverage this prior knowledge and understanding. Then the goal is to generalize SASA! in all communities in Myanmar.

About SASA!

SASA! is a community mobilisation programme developed by Raising Voices in Kampala, Uganda. The goal is to prevent from violence against Women and HIV. 

 

SASA! is a comprehensive toolkit based on extensive field testing. It is designed for individuals and communities to start working toward a balance of power between women and men. The Activist toolkit comes in four sections, each one representing a key phase of community mobilisation:

  • The Start phase focuses on power within, helping advocates to identify the connections between violence against women and HIV 

 

  • The Awareness phase comprises tools to engage the community and increase awareness of men's power over women

 

  • The Support phase guides communities in offering support to one another - joining their power with others to confront the dual pandemics of violence against women and HIV/AIDS.

 

  • The Action phase offers tools for communities to use their power to take action, with the aim to normalize shared power and non-violence.

The SASA! process uses 4 strategies in order to implement the different phases and the linked activities. Using strategies influence changes in community norms and engage a critical mass in the different circles of influence in a society. 

  • Local Activism: create "everyday" activists by engaging women, men and young people through interesting, creative activities.

  • Media & Advocacy: giving a loud and bold voice to the SASA! ideas through community leaders, policymakers and news papers.

  • Communication Materials: use the creativity and fun of materials like posters and comics to ​engage people and stimulate group discussion.

  • Training: stre​ngthen people's understanding of the issues using interactive and thought-provoking trainings and exercices. 

Trocaire and Raising Voices co-created an other SASA! toolkit: SASA! Faith. This new version takes the structure, process and content of the original SASA! and adapts it for use in Christian and Muslim communities.

It is an initiative in which leaders, members and believers of a religion come together to prevent violence against women and HIV. 

Project goals

1

To adapt and field test the SASA! Piloted project. After testing, Trocaire will finalize the building of this Culturally and contextually appropriate model of SASA adapted for Myanmar, with a particular focus on adaptation in humanitarian contexts. 

CHAD implements a special version of SASA! with Trocaire. The SASA! Methodology is appropriately adapted for being used in Myanmar, particularly in humanitarian contexts. That piloted project is the first in Myanmar. If the implementation reaches the goals, the SASA! Toolkit will be generalised in all the country. 

 

2

To changes knowledge, attitudes and behaviour related to Gender based violence in targeted communities/IDP camps. 

*IDP: Internal displaced Persons

Project Activities

Twenty community-based mobilizers (four CMs per camp (2 males and 2 females)) have been hired from among the targeted IDP communities to implement the program activities and give some feedbacks. The community mobilizers are supervised by five field Officers (one per camp). They have been receiving a monthly stipend for the full project period. 

Working in this manner with the CMs is a means to develop a sense of ownership and build their confidence and competence so that they remain as the key resource persons and actively provide the communities with their knowledge and skills when the project will be completed.  

1

To adapt and field test the SASA! Piloted project. After testing, Trocaire will finalize the building of this Culturally and contextually appropriate model of SASA adapted for Myanmar, with a particular focus on adaptation in humanitarian contexts. 

Gender Based Violence Awareness SASA IDP Camps Kachin Myanmar

Field Testing of Tools 

The community mobilizers, supervised by five field Officers, submit observational feedback to Trocaire regarding the suitability of the SASA! materials and themes, the feasibility of their use and how they are perceived. 

Following this stage, Trocaire applies this feedback to modify the materials, which may be re-tested in the community in order to develop the most effective and relevant SASA! tools for the community. 

2

To changes knowledge, attitudes and behaviour related to Gender based violence in targeted communities/IDP camps. 

Gender Based Violence support  SASA IDP Camps Kachin Myanmar

Implementation pilot of each phase of SASA! Toolkit

This project is implemented in the five targeted camps, through four phases (Start, Awareness, Support, Action). The implementation phase aims to practically pilot the tools in order to change knowledge, attitudes, skills and behaviors around gender-based violence in the target camps. 

The phases are implemented thanks to different activities as: community drama, picture card, community poster, community conversation, comic, card game, quick chat, phase poser...

GBV Response 

During implementation of SASA! activities in the communities, women and girls may report cases of violence and seek services and support. If a case is reported, CHAD will take responsibility for the referral by linking the survivor with other services according to her needs.  

Women Day Kachin Myanmar IDP Camps

Women Days 

CHAD conducts International Women Days and 16 days activism within 5 IDPs camps and in Myitkyina university. During the event, there are history talk, distribution pamphlet for information sharing and other mobilising activity for the days.

GBV Project Team 

Photos